Trapped: Baseball and the Enduring Scars of War | The Girl Who Wore Freedom

As spring slowly creeps into summer, we know there are moments we are all missing. Many of us are missing all the sounds and smells that go with baseball games in the warm afternoon or cool evenings. If we are lucky, the boys of summer will be back on the field by July. Those of us that love the game will turn to it again for a temporary diversion from our daily challenges.  During World War II, President Roosevelt encouraged the Major League teams to keep playing, noting that then, too, their games were a welcome diversion from the challenges of the war. Several of baseball’s biggest stars served in World War II, becoming heroes at home and away. This week, we share again the story about one of these heroes.

Originally published February 2019
Billy CoxHe was nothing special, a typical ballplayer getting ready on the field, a third baseman. He was 29. It was a special All-American summer day.

It was the Fourth of July 1949.

The Brooklyn Dodgers were playing a doubleheader against the Phillies, as most teams did back then, and Billy Cox was getting ready to play two. What he wasn’t ready for was the flashback of WWII in a seemingly bucolic Brooklyn day in front of thousands at Ebbets Field. Cox served overseas with the 814th  Signal Corps. He saw action in North Africa, Sicily, Italy, France, and Germany. Often did US and German lines become mixed deadly, and desperate. While stringing communications wire between forward US lines and command posts just outside of Siegfried Line in western Germany, Cox and his squad became trapped between a small arms fire between US and German units. While they returned fire and dug in deep, Cox and his squad were trapped between the opposing forces.

“What I remember were the sounds of the explosions and the small machine gun fire. It was all pointed at us…at me! You just react and hide. If I could crawl into my helmet I would have.”

Still, the 814th continued to lay communications wire. “We still had a job to do. That what we were expected to do,” Cox said. American artillery and infantry drove back the Germans, and as fast as it started, the peacefulness and stillness of the fields, the rustling of the trees, and cool winds rushed through the men of the 814th. As loud as it was in combat, Cox was equally disturbed by the loudness of the silence and the bodies of GIs and Germans lying all-around some wounded and some dead.

Cox and Hodges“I just would live the rest of my life expecting something else bad to happen when it got quiet. I always had to have a radio on. Playing ball and the sounds of the stadium organ, the crowd, my teammates all just gave me a peace of mind. I can’t explain it.”

So as the Dodgers warmed up. Legendary Dodgers broadcasters Red Barber and Connie Desmond were preparing for the Dodgers broadcast when they saw Cox reduced to fear and the reality of the legacy of war. Legendary Dodgers voice Vin Scully remembers this event told to him by Red Barber. “Well before the first-game, Todd, players always stretch, play catch, and hit, run. On this 4th of July, a group of kids threw a string of fireworks onto the field. That’s what kids do.”

Scully looked at me, and his eyes swelled with tears, and his voice broke in a small and notable way.

“Todd, the Dodgers knew what he’d been though in WWII and when Red heard those fireworks, he says he saw ‘a startled Billy Cox started running in from stretching in centerfield in a zig zag pattern panicked… looking back over his shoulders in a desperate, scared, and fearful run for survival. He dived under the dugout bench and stayed there for nearly 30 minutes. He wouldn’t come out. Nobody in the stands paid any attention to this. Teammate first baseman Gil Hodges a veteran of combat at Okinawa ministered to Cox. Nobody in the press box really noticed, but Red saw it. It was so sad.’”

Billy did come out started at third for both games, and the Dodgers swept the Phils that day.

This post was authored by:

Todd Anton author and guest blogger with The Girl Who Wore FreedomTodd Anton Historical Research and Education

Todd is the son of WWII/Korean War veteran Wallace P. Anton, author of “No Greater Love: Life Stories From the Men Who Saved Baseball” and “When Baseball Went to War,” and a 28 year veteran US History teacher.

Working closely with students and WWII Veterans has earned him national recognition for an extensive oral history collection (nearly 5,000) he put together. He is a former board member of the National WWII Museum and the divisional historian for his late father’s unit, the 70th infantry division.